Suminagashi means “spilled ink” in Japanese and it differs from Turkish marbling in three distinct ways. Firstly, Suminagashi is done on water rather than a thickened liquid. Secondly, the inks traditionally used in Suminagahsi are calligraphy inks made from pine soot, while the Ebru technique allows a range of materials such as gauche, water color and acrylics. Finally the inks are carefully applied to surface by creating concentric circles while in Ebru color is splashed onto the tray. These concentric circles can be manipulated with wind, vibrations and movement creating transient patterns, which can be perpetuated by Japanese paper or fabric with high thread count.